District at a glance
Geographical Outline

The Imphal West District falls in the Category of Manipur valley region. It is a tiny plain at the centre of Manipur surrounded by Plains of other districts. Imphal City, the State Capital is the nodal functional centre of this District. As a first glance, we may summarized as in the table.

It is surrounded by Senapati District on the north, on the east by Imphal East and Thoubal districts, on the south by Thoubal and Bishnupur Districts, and on the west by Senapati and Bishnupur Districts.

 

Profile
Area 558 sq. kms.
Population 4,39,532 (Census 2001)
Male: 2,18,947
Female: 2,20,585
District Head quarter Imphal
Subdivisions 4
CD/TD Blocks 2
Towns 10
Inhabited villages 117
Zilla Parishads 1
Sex Ratio 1007 (per thousand male)
Density 847 per sq. km.
Literacy rate 80.61
Male 89.1
Female 72.24
Latitude 24.30o N to 25.00o N
Longitude 93.45o E to 94.15o E
Altitude 790 m above MSL
Climate Moderate
Annual Rainfall 108.5 cm to 143.4 cm
Temperature 20.4o C (average)
National Highways 2- N.H.No. 39 Indo-Burma/Myanmar Road, N.H.No. 53 New Cachar Road

Climate

The district enjoys confortable temperature throughout the year; not very hot in summer and not very cold in winter. Over all the climatic condition of the district is salubriouces and monsoon tropical. The whole district is under the influence of the monsoons characterised by hot and humid rainy seasons during the summer, and cool and dry seasons during the winter. Temperature ranges from minimum of 0o C to maximum of 36oC. the average annual rainfall based on the meteorological data published for the years 1991-99 is 1259.5 mm. The district gets rainfall from the South-West monsoon.

 

Soil

The valley area of imphal West district is fertile land and is mainly made up of alluvial soil of recent origin. The valley was once full of swamps and marshy lands, the important ones being Lamphelpat, Takyelpat, Sangaipat, Kakwapat, Poiroupat (pat means lake). The soil are mainly made up of shallow black, brown and alluvial soils which have been technically classified as Udalfs-Ochrepts and Orchrepts-Aquepts-Fluvents.

 

Rivers

Main rivers draining Imphal west plain are Imphal river, Nambul river and their tributaries. The Nambul river is made up of a number of small streams on its upper course. The course of the river is short and its outlet falls on Loktak Lake. This river passes through Imphal Municipality area dividing its area into almost two equal halves. This river serves as the main dischargeing drainage of Imphal Bazar area and its surroundings. During rainy season, swift flowing of water directed to it from its tributaries can't be contained in it. As a result, breaking of its river bunds causing waterlogging in the low lying area is of regular feature.

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